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Automated Microarray Spotter Overview


    Swift, Accurate and Efficient Microarray Printer for Peptides, DNA and Cells.

    SPOT synthesis technique utilizing cellulose supports, combined with Aurora’s liquid handling technology, has given birth to the VERSA series microarray printer (microarrayer). Aurora’s extensive expertise in life science robotics has seen an increased need for scientific personnel to seek out automated solutions for peptide synthesis and other type of microarrays. Aurora developed the VERSA series automated microarray spotter and modules such as the nano-pipettor head, which allows for simple distribution of reagents—this helps in conducting grams to milligrams of combinatorial chemistry using contact or non-contact spotting.

    High-Throughput Reagent Kit Spotting
    Drug-Eluting Microarray
    Peptide Synthesis
    Tissue Microarray

    CHIP Production
    Cancer Research
    Precision Medicine

    DNA Microarray
    Protein Microarray
    Biomedical Imaging

    VERSA for Peptides
    Single Channel
    Small and Compact
    40 nL – 100 µL Spotting Volume
    0.05 mm Positioning Error
    Optional UV/HEPA Enclosure
    Compatible with all Slide Types

    VERSA for Cells
    Single Channel
    Increased Deck Area
    40 nL – 100 µL Spotting Volume
    0.05 mm Positional Error
    Optional UV/HEPA Enclosure
    Optional Sonicated Wash station

    VERSA for DNA
    10, 20 or 35 Channel
    Simultaneous Peptide Spotting
    Bulk Peptides Quickly Constructed
    Heavily Customizable
    Optional UV/HEPA Enclosure
    Compatible with all Slide Types

    DNA Microarray Spotter

    The VERSA 1100 35-channel automated microarrayer  is capable of spotting cDNA microarray assays by an automated, robotic based, spot printing technique. The VERSA system accommodates a fixed pipetting pin setup, available in contact, or non-contact format, capable of dispensing nanoliter aliquots, down to 30 nL.

    Automated Microarray Printing Method

    Spotting volume area – 300 nL / spot, approximately 2 mm in diameter
    Sample – nucleic acid
    Microarray surface – nylon membrane; 3mm between spot centres, 1mm spacing along perimeter

    For DiagCor’s purpose, the assay is used to differentiate between diseases of the same genotype, on a nylon membrane microarray format.

    |The hybridization of the cDNA strands, labelled with a fluorescent dye, will illuminate with a lavender based colour signal
    |The non-specific bonding sequences can be easily washed with the ReagentDrop™, leaving the paired strands that have the strongest binding affinity.
    |The fluorescence signal that remains on each “spot” correlates to the strength of labelled target sequence that has effectively hybridized.
    |Quantification of this step can be conducted on downstream instrumental analyzers, which enable scanning of fluorescence signal, normalization, and data analysis.

    Background & Application Areas

    DNA microarray analysis identifies inflections in gene activity, that lead to small variations in DNA sequence, which are known as polymorphisms. Molecular analysis, targeted gene expression profiling, genetic disease detection, and non-invasive prenatal diagnosis are just some of the applications of DNA microarray analysis.

    Further on that, SNP (single nucleotide polymorphisms) detection is a common and most frequent type of variation in the human genome. However, with the automated microarray printer, users can elucidate it. Applications include forensic analysis, disease prognosis, genotyping, oncology based somatic mutation evaluations, and drug-target candidate identification.

    The VERSA 110 automated microarrayer for peptide synthesis automates the process using FMOC-based chemistry (or Fmoc solid-phase synthesis). With an easy to use software and accommodation for low-cost porous membrane materials, it is an effective and robust pipetting system.

    Specifically, for peptide synthesis using the SPOT technique, the VERSA 110 is stable and allows for high-throughput printing, higher-density microarrays, and allows for pipetting amino acids and reagents as low as 40 nL.

    The instrument is stable and robust, we have had zero breakdowns since it was installed many years ago. The VERSA SPOTTER would provide a more cost-efficient solution, with higher density, higher accuracy, and faster printing, all at a lower price. The minimum printing volume would be as low as 40 nL.

    – User Testimony.


    Solid-Phase peptide synthesis involves linking of multiple amino acids via peptide bonds for the production of peptides. This process imitates the biological process of producing long peptides. In solid-phase peptide synthesis (SPPS), the peptide is ‘immobilized’ on a solid surface and can be retained during washing of liquid-phase reagents. Solid-phase peptide synthesis also allows the synthesis of natural peptides which are difficult to express in bacteria, the incorporation of unnatural amino acids, and peptide/protein backbone modification.

    At the National Taiwan University, the VERSA system is used to conduct experiments for cell microarrays, printed onto a microscope slide surface.  The cell microarray is used as a tool to elucidate cell signaling pathway regulation and the impact of drug molecule binding interactions.

    Printing Method

    Spotting volume area – 100 nL – 300 nL / spot, approximately 2 mm in diameter
    Sample – cell solution (uniform, or different, printed onto 10×10 array format
    Microarray surface – 15×15 mm microscope cover glass, immersed in culture medium


    Once the cell solution is spotted onto a microscope slide in a 10×10 array format, the corresponding drug molecules are printed onto the slide surface. After cultured for a period of time, the slide can be observed under a microscope to examine cell morphology.

    Facilitating tumor spheroid-based bioassays and in vitro blood vessel modeling via bioinspired self-formation microstructure devices

    View this publication showing user generated data to see how the VERSA 10 microarrayer was used in dispensing water droplets of specific volumes to study how surface tension guides aqueous molding.

    Development of an influenza virus protein microarray to measure the humoral response to influenza virus infection in mallards

    Download this open source publication to see how Influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA) protein was printed in microarrays on epoxysilane-coated glass slides using VERSA 110 microarray printer.

    Get more information on the VERSA Microarray Spotting Workstation:

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